The chairman of NATO’s Military Committee, Czech General Petr Pavel, said that the European Union has no ambition to create a pan-European army. Sputnik Czech asked Moscow-based military observer Viktor Baranets to comment on General Pavel’s statement.
کد خبر: ۶۶۶۱۵۶
تاریخ انتشار: ۲۳ بهمن ۱۳۹۵ - ۱۲:۲۰ 11 February 2017

Baranets, a defense observer with the newspaper Komsomolskaya Pravda, said that General Pavel’s statement came amid controversial remarks by newly elected US President Donald Trump who, while on the campaign trail, dismissed NATO as "obsolete,” inefficient and greedy and even threatened to dissolve it altogether.

Trump’s statements invited angry flak from many European leaders and revived the idea of a united European army.
However, speaking at the US Armed Forces headquarters in Florida earlier this week, Trump made a sudden U-turn reiterating America’s wholehearted support for NATO.

"Well, he said that all right, but it was not enough to allay the Europeans’ fears, that’s why I see General Pavel’s statement as another attempt to allay the Europeans’ fears caused by Trump’s earlier remarks to this effect,” Baranets told Sputnik Czech.

"Pavel tried to reassure America’s NATO partners that the Alliance is not going anywhere and that America is fully committed to defending its European allies.”

However, despite the Czech General’s assurances, the effect from Trump’s earlier verbal attacks on NATO is still being felt.

In France, National Front leader Marine Le Pen promised that if elected president she would pull the country out of NATO, just like President De Gaulle did during the 1960s. France later returned to NATO though.

The armed forces of five European countries (France, UK, Germany, Italy and Poland) are among the world’s Top 20 strongest militaries and their combined conventional might equals that of Russia, which many European politicians and mainstream media describe as an aggressor.

When asked if this is enough reason for Europe to put together a united armed force of its own and become less dependent on the US, Baranets said that Europeans feel very comfortable under America’s security umbrella.

"When Barack Obama was president, NATO’s expenses were 75 percent covered by the United States with only five of NATO’s 28 members currently meeting the Alliance’s target of spending 2 percent of their GDP on defense. In the Czech Republic the figure is a mere 1.1 percent. That’s why they are fully content with all these military bases being built on their territories. ‘Uncle Sam will defend us.’ A pretty cynical tactic, but it’s working.”
Viktor Baranets also said that Russia generally welcomes the idea of a pan-European army which could fit into Moscow’s concept of European security.

"We would find it easier to talk to them; we could even agree to integrate some of our military structures with theirs. In any case, this would help ease the tensions we now have with Europe.”

"We would get rid of the Cold War trenches that were dug under Obama. Europe would break free from NATO’s ‘embrace’ and we would have a completely different world and a new type of relationship in Europe,” Viktor Baranets mused.

A recent Sputnik.Polls survey revealed that the majority of Europeans believe that they need protection from NATO. Half of Europeans polled believe that the European Union does need the protection offered by the US and NATO, while only 48 percent of American respondents shared their opinion on the matter.
The idea that Europe needs the US and NATO aid was especially prevalent in Germany (63 percent) as well as Italy and Poland (65 percent).

Meanwhile, the concept that Europe doesn’t require any external assistance to ensure its safety appears to be most popular in France (30 percent), Spain (33 percent) and in the US (31 percent).

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